What Was The Climate Like For The Aztecs

What Was The Climate Like For The Aztecs?

The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican civilization that flourished in Central Mexico from 1345 to 1521. They built a powerful empire that was well adapted to the environment of their time. This included the climate, which was a major factor in their success. So, what was the climate like for the Aztecs?

Overview of the Aztec Climate

The Aztecs lived in a tropical climate that is typical of central Mexico today. It was characterized by warm temperatures year-round and two distinct seasons: dry and wet. The dry season lasted from November to May, and the wet season ran from June to October. During the dry season, temperatures could reach up to 38°C (100°F) during the day, and nighttime temperatures could dip to 10°C (50°F). During the wet season, temperatures were slightly cooler with highs averaging around 26°C (78°F).

Impact of the Climate on the Aztecs’ Agriculture

The climate had a major impact on the Aztecs’ agricultural practices. The dry season provided the perfect conditions for growing maize, beans, squash, and other crops. The Aztecs also relied heavily on irrigation to water their crops during this time. The wet season was when they harvested their crops, as well as collected rainwater for use during the dry season.

Impact of the Climate on the Aztecs’ Architecture

The climate also had an impact on the Aztecs’ architecture. Their homes were built to take advantage of the warm temperatures during the dry season. They had large windows to let in the breeze and allowed air to circulate throughout the building. The roofs were also designed to deflect the sun’s rays during the hot days.


The climate of the Aztecs was an important factor in their success as a civilization. Their agricultural practices and architecture were both adapted to the warm temperatures and two distinct seasons of their environment. This allowed them to thrive and build a powerful empire that lasted for centuries.