What Is The Climate Of South America

What Is The Climate Of South America?

South America is a large and diverse continent with a range of climates. The climate of South America is affected by altitude, latitude, and ocean currents. Generally, the climate is hot and humid in the lowlands and cooler in the higher elevations. Here, we will discuss the different climates of South America and how they vary from region to region.

Tropical Climate

The tropical climate is found in the low-lying areas of South America such as the Amazon Basin, Caribbean coast, and parts of the Pacific coast. This climate is hot and humid and is characterized by high temperatures and heavy rainfall. The average temperatures range from 24-30°C (75-86°F) and the average annual rainfall is between 1000-2000mm (39-78in). This climate is home to a diverse range of plant and animal life and is the perfect environment for tropical rainforests, which are found in abundance in this region.

Dry Climate

The dry climate is found in many of the inland areas of South America such as the deserts of the Atacama and the Altiplano. This climate is characterized by hot days and cold nights with very little rainfall. The average temperatures range from 10-20°C (50-68°F) and the average annual rainfall is less than 100mm (4in). This climate is home to a variety of cacti and other plants adapted to the lack of water.

Temperate Climate

The temperate climate is found in the higher elevations of South America such as the Andes Mountains and parts of the southern coast. This climate is characterized by warm days and cool nights with moderate rainfall. The average temperatures range from 10-22°C (50-72°F) and the average annual rainfall is between 500-1000mm (20-39in). This climate is home to a variety of deciduous and coniferous forests and is the perfect environment for temperate rainforests.

Conclusion

South America has a range of climates, from the hot and humid tropics to the cold and dry deserts. Each region has its own unique climate and is home to a variety of plant and animal life. Understanding the climate of South America is important for understanding the diversity of its ecosystems.