Which Characteristics Pertain To The Problem Of Global Warming?


Global warming is a pressing issue that affects our planet and its inhabitants. It is primarily caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes that release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Understanding the characteristics that pertain to global warming is crucial in order to address and mitigate its adverse effects.

1. Rising Temperatures

One of the primary characteristics of global warming is the increase in average global temperatures. Over the past century, the Earth’s temperature has risen by approximately 1 degree Celsius. This rise may seem small, but it has significant consequences for the planet. Rising temperatures lead to the melting of glaciers and polar ice caps, causing sea levels to rise and posing a threat to coastal communities.

2. Changing Weather Patterns

Global warming also manifests itself through changing weather patterns. The increase in temperature alters atmospheric conditions, leading to more frequent and intense extreme weather events such as hurricanes, droughts, heatwaves, and heavy rainfall. These events have devastating impacts on ecosystems, agriculture, and human lives, leading to displacement, food shortages, and economic losses.

3. Melting Ice Caps and Glaciers

As global temperatures rise, ice caps and glaciers around the world are melting at an alarming rate. This phenomenon contributes to rising sea levels and threatens low-lying areas and island nations. The loss of ice also disrupts ecosystems and affects wildlife, leading to the potential extinction of certain species that rely on these icy habitats.

4. Ocean Acidification

Another characteristic of global warming is the acidification of oceans. As carbon dioxide (CO2) is released into the atmosphere, a portion of it is absorbed by the oceans. This leads to an increase in the acidity of seawater, which has detrimental effects on marine life, especially coral reefs and shellfish. Ocean acidification disrupts the balance of marine ecosystems and threatens the biodiversity of our oceans.

5. Increased Carbon Dioxide Levels

Global warming is primarily caused by the excessive release of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2), into the atmosphere. The burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and gas for energy production is the major contributor to this increase. These elevated levels of CO2 trap heat in the atmosphere, creating the greenhouse effect and causing global temperatures to rise. Addressing this characteristic requires transitioning to cleaner and renewable energy sources.


Understanding the characteristics that pertain to the problem of global warming is essential in implementing effective solutions. Rising temperatures, changing weather patterns, melting ice caps, ocean acidification, and increased carbon dioxide levels are all interconnected aspects of this urgent issue. By acknowledging these characteristics, we can work towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions, adapting to the changes, and mitigating the consequences of global warming on our planet and future generations.