How Does The Elevation Of Mexico City Affect Its Climate

How Does The Elevation Of Mexico City Affect Its Climate?

Mexico City is one of the largest cities in the world with a population of more than 8.8 million people. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large basin surrounded by mountains and volcanoes. The city is situated at an altitude of 2,240 metres (7,350 feet) above sea level. The elevation of Mexico City affects its climate significantly, making it one of the most unique cities in the world.


Mexico City’s high elevation means that it experiences cooler temperatures than most other cities around the world. The average temperature in the city is 18.5°C (65.3°F). This is significantly lower than other large cities in Mexico, such as Guadalajara and Monterrey, which have average temperatures of 20.5°C (68.9°F) and 24°C (75.2°F) respectively. The cooler temperatures make Mexico City a great place for outdoor activities such as walking, jogging, and cycling.


Mexico City’s elevation also affects the amount of precipitation the city receives. The city receives an average of 645 millimetres (25.4 inches) of rain per year. This is significantly less than other large cities in Mexico, such as Veracruz and Cancun, which receive an average of 1,500 millimetres (59.1 inches) and 1,400 millimetres (55.1 inches) of rain respectively. However, the city does experience occasional heavy rainstorms throughout the year.

Air Quality

The elevation of Mexico City also has an impact on the quality of the air. The air in the city is significantly less polluted than other cities in Mexico due to its high elevation. This is because the city is located in an area of high elevation where air pollutants are unable to accumulate. Additionally, the city also has strict air pollution regulations in place, which helps to keep the air quality in the city relatively clean.


Mexico City’s high elevation has a significant effect on its climate. The city experiences cooler temperatures than other cities in Mexico, less precipitation, and better air quality due to its unique location. All of these factors make Mexico City a great place to live and visit.