How Are World Climates Organized

How Are World Climates Organized?

Climate refers to the average weather of a region over a long period of time. It is a measure of the average temperature, humidity, precipitation, and other atmospheric conditions. To organize the world’s climates, meteorologists use a system called Köppen climate classification. This system was developed by German botanist and climatologist Wladimir Köppen in the early 1900s and is still used today.

Köppen Climate Classification

The Köppen climate classification system divides the world into five different climate categories. These are tropical, dry, mild, continental, and polar. Each climate type is further divided into subcategories based on average temperature and precipitation.

Tropical Climate

Tropical climates are found near the equator and typically have warm temperatures year-round. They are characterized by high levels of precipitation and humidity. The two subcategories of tropical climates are tropical rainforest and tropical monsoon.

Dry Climate

Dry climates are found in arid and semi-arid regions and have low levels of precipitation. This climate is typically hot during the day and cooler at night. The two main subcategories of dry climates are desert and steppe.

Mild Climate

Mild climates are found in regions near the ocean and are characterized by mild temperatures throughout the year. These climates typically have moderate levels of precipitation. The two main subcategories of mild climates are maritime and humid subtropical.

Continental Climate

Continental climates are found in the interior of large landmasses and have cold winters and hot summers. These climates typically have seasonal precipitation. The two main subcategories of continental climates are humid continental and subarctic.

Polar Climate

Polar climates are found in the far north and south of the world and have cold temperatures year-round. These climates typically have low levels of precipitation. The two main subcategories of polar climates are tundra and ice cap.

Conclusion

The Köppen climate classification system is an important tool for understanding the world’s climates. This system divides the world into five different climate categories and further divides them into subcategories based on average temperature and precipitation. By understanding the different climates, we can better understand the impacts of climate change and how it will affect our lives.