Which Best Describes The Climate On And Around Mount Kilimanjaro

Climate on and Around Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, rising from the vast plains of Tanzania to a height of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet). The area around the mountain experiences an uncharacteristically diverse climate due to its height and location near the equator. The climate on and around Mount Kilimanjaro is best described as alpine desert.

Alpine Desert

The climate on and around Mount Kilimanjaro is most accurately described as an alpine desert. This is due to the fact that the mountain is so high that it is exposed to high levels of radiation from the sun, resulting in an arid climate. This aridity is further accentuated by the fact that the mountain is located close to the equator, where the sun is particularly intense. The combination of height and proximity to the equator leads to a climate on and around Mount Kilimanjaro that is characterized by low amounts of precipitation and high temperatures.

Temperature

The average temperature on and around Mount Kilimanjaro varies depending on altitude. At the base of the mountain, the average temperature is around 24°C (75°F), while at the summit, the average temperature is around -7°C (19°F). The temperature also fluctuates significantly throughout the day, with the highest temperatures occurring in the afternoon and the lowest temperatures occurring in the early morning.

Precipitation

The amount of precipitation on and around Mount Kilimanjaro is generally very low. On average, the mountain receives around 500-600 millimeters (19-23 inches) of precipitation per year. Most of this precipitation falls during the rainy season (November-April), with only the occasional shower during the dry season (May-October).

Conclusion

The climate on and around Mount Kilimanjaro is best described as alpine desert. The combination of the mountain’s height and proximity to the equator leads to a climate characterized by low amounts of precipitation and high temperatures. Despite the arid conditions, the mountain is still home to a variety of unique flora and fauna, making it a popular destination for hikers and nature lovers alike.