What Is The United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change

What is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change?

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1992. It is the main instrument for international cooperation on climate change, and its main purpose is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. The Convention is the basis for all subsequent climate change negotiations, and its ultimate objective is to prevent “dangerous anthropogenic interference” with the climate system.


The UNFCCC was the first legally binding international agreement to address climate change, and it was adopted in response to growing scientific evidence of the human role in global warming. It was initially signed by 154 countries, and the number of parties to the Convention now stands at 197, making it one of the most widely adopted international agreements in history.

Key Provisions

The Convention sets out a number of key principles and provisions. It requires parties to develop national policies and plans to address climate change, and to promote sustainable development. It also establishes an international framework for monitoring and reporting on emissions of greenhouse gases.

The Convention also calls for the establishment of a “Global Climate Observing System” to facilitate the gathering and sharing of climate-related data. It also encourages the development of technology to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and to enhance the capacity of countries to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.


The UNFCCC has had a significant impact on global climate action. It has provided an important platform for international negotiations on climate change, and it has helped catalyze the development of many of the world’s most significant climate initiatives, including the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.

The Convention has also helped to focus attention on the need for countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. As a result, more and more countries have taken steps to reduce their emissions, and the world is now on a path towards a low-carbon future.


The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an important milestone in international efforts to address climate change. It has helped to focus attention on the urgent need for global action, and it has helped to catalyze a range of important initiatives and agreements. As we move forward, it is essential that we continue to build on the progress made under the Convention, and ensure that we take the necessary action to protect our planet from the dangers of climate change.