What Is The Overall Climate Of The Atacama Desert

What Is The Overall Climate Of The Atacama Desert?

The Atacama Desert is a desert in South America located in northern Chile and extending from the Peruvian border south to the region of Antofagasta. It is one of the driest places on Earth and is known for its extreme aridity. The climate of the Atacama Desert is classified as arid and hyperarid, with temperatures ranging from hot during the day to very cold at night. It receives very little rainfall, and most of the precipitation it receives is in the form of fog.

Temperature

The Atacama Desert experiences extreme temperatures, ranging from hot during the day to cold at night. During the day, temperatures can reach up to 38°C (100°F) while at night it can drop down to as low as -5°C (23°F). The temperatures in the Atacama Desert can be quite unpredictable, as the desert is located in an area that is prone to strong winds that can quickly change the temperature.

Rainfall

The Atacama Desert is known for its extreme aridity and receives very little rainfall. The average annual rainfall is less than 1 millimeter (0.04 inches) and is mostly in the form of fog. The region of Antofagasta, which lies at the southern end of the desert, is the driest area in the Atacama Desert, receiving less than 0.5 millimeters (0.02 inches) of rainfall annually.

Winds

The Atacama Desert experiences strong winds that can quickly change the temperature. These winds are known as the “Cordillera Viento” and originate in the mountains to the east of the desert. These winds can reach speeds of up to 100km/hr (60mph) and can carry large amounts of dust, sand and debris across the desert.

Conclusion

The Atacama Desert has an arid climate, with temperatures ranging from hot during the day to very cold at night. It receives very little rainfall, mostly in the form of fog, and is prone to strong winds that can quickly change the temperature. Despite its extreme aridity, the Atacama Desert is home to a variety of plants and animals, including the iconic llama, and is a popular tourist destination.