What Is The Climate In North America

What Is The Climate In North America?

North America is made up of a variety of climate zones and weather patterns. The climate of North America varies greatly due to its large geographic area and the influence of ocean currents and the jet stream. In general, the climate of North America is temperate and can range from humid subtropical to subarctic.

Climate Zones of North America

North America is divided into several climate zones, which can be broadly divided into humid subtropical, humid continental, subarctic, and polar tundra.

Humid Subtropical Climate Zones

The humid subtropical climate zone is found in the southeastern parts of North America including the southeastern United States, the Caribbean, and northern Mexico. This climate zone is characterized by hot and humid summers, mild winters, and abundant rainfall throughout the year.

Humid Continental Climate Zones

The humid continental climate zone is found in the central and northern parts of North America including the Midwest and Northeast of the United States, Canada, and northern Mexico. This climate zone is characterized by warm summers, cold winters, and moderate to heavy precipitation throughout the year.

Subarctic Climate Zones

The subarctic climate zone is found in the northern parts of North America including Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. This climate zone is characterized by cool summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation throughout the year.

Polar Tundra Climate Zones

The polar tundra climate zone is found in the northernmost parts of North America including the Arctic Circle and Greenland. This climate zone is characterized by prolonged winters, short summers, and low precipitation.

Weather Patterns of North America

The weather of North America is heavily influenced by the jet stream, which is a fast-moving river of air that originates in the tropics and moves northward. The jet stream is responsible for bringing warm, moist air up from the tropics and cool, dry air down from the Arctic. As the jet stream moves across North America, it can bring about changes in temperature, precipitation, and cloudiness.

Conclusion

North America is made up of a variety of climate zones and weather patterns. The climate of North America varies greatly due to its large geographic area and the influence of ocean currents and the jet stream. In general, the climate of North America is temperate and can range from humid subtropical to subarctic.