What Is The Climate In Madagascar

What Is The Climate In Madagascar?

Madagascar, located in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa, is known for its unique mix of landscapes and biodiversity. This landlocked island, the fourth largest in the world, has a climate that varies depending on region and elevation.

The Climate of Madagascar

The climate of Madagascar can be divided into two main seasons: the warm, wet summer season (Oct-Apr) and the cooler, dry winter season (May-Sept). The average temperature ranges from mid-20s Celsius (low 70s Fahrenheit) in the cooler highland areas to mid-30s Celsius (mid-90s Fahrenheit) in the hotter, low-lying areas.

Madagascar’s climate is also greatly affected by its location in the Indian Ocean. During the summer months, the island is subject to heavy rainfall and cyclones, making it an ideal destination for those looking for a tropical getaway. During the winter months, temperatures are cooler and the rainfall less frequent.

Regional Climates of Madagascar

Madagascar is divided into six distinct climatic regions, each with its own unique features. The Central Highlands region features cooler temperatures all year round and is known for its lush rainforest. The east coast is the hottest region in the country, with temperatures often exceeding 38°C (100°F). The west coast is much cooler, with temperatures rarely exceeding 30°C (86°F). The south of the island is known for its dry climate, with little rainfall and hot temperatures. The northwest is the wettest region in the country and is home to the highest mountain in Madagascar, Maromokotro. Finally, the southwest is the driest region, with temperatures rarely reaching 30°C (86°F).


Madagascar has a varied climate that is affected by its location in the Indian Ocean and its regional geography. The central highlands are cooler and wetter, while the east and west coasts are hotter and drier. The south of the island is known for its dry climate and the northwest is the wettest region. No matter what type of climate you are looking for, Madagascar has something to offer.