What Is The Climate In Ethiopia

What Is The Climate In Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is a country located in East Africa, and it is one of the most populous countries in Africa. It is a landlocked country and is bordered by a variety of countries, including Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, and Kenya. The climate in Ethiopia is generally a subtropical and tropical climate, which means that temperatures are warm year round. Ethiopia’s climate is also affected by its location and elevation, which range from near sea level to over 4,500 meters.

Climate Zones

Ethiopia can be divided into four main climate zones. The most prominent climate zone in Ethiopia is the eastern lowlands, which is mainly dry and arid. This area is characterized by hot temperatures and low rainfall throughout the year. The western highlands are the second climate zone and are characterized by cooler temperatures and higher rainfall. The third climate zone is the central highlands, which are the coolest area in Ethiopia and are characterized by cooler temperatures and higher rainfall. Finally, the fourth climate zone is the northern highlands, which are the hottest area in Ethiopia and are characterized by hot temperatures and low rainfall.

Temperatures

The average temperature in Ethiopia is around 25°C (77°F) with some variation depending on the climate zone. In the eastern lowlands the temperatures can reach as high as 38°C (100°F) during the hottest months of the year from April to October. In the western highlands the temperatures can range from 25°C (77°F) to 30°C (86°F). In the central highlands the temperatures can range from 15°C (59°F) to 20°C (68°F) and in the northern highlands the temperatures can range from 22°C (72°F) to 28°C (82°F).

Rainfall

The average annual rainfall in Ethiopia is around 880 mm (35 inches). The eastern lowlands tend to receive less rainfall than the other climate zones, with an average of about 500 mm (20 inches) per year. The western highlands receive an average of about 1000 mm (39 inches) of rain per year. The central highlands receive an average of about 1500 mm (59 inches) of rain per year and the northern highlands receive an average of about 2500 mm (98 inches) of rain per year.

Conclusion

The climate in Ethiopia is generally subtropical and tropical with temperatures ranging from hot to cooler depending on the climate zone. The average annual rainfall is around 880 mm (35 inches) and varies by climate zone. Ethiopia is a great destination for those looking for a diverse climate and an adventure in East Africa.