What Is South America Climate

What Is South America Climate?

South America is a vast continent that spans nearly 6,900 kilometers (4,300 miles) from its northernmost point to its southernmost point. Its climate varies due to its large size and its position along the equator. The climate in South America ranges from tropical and humid to cold and dry. It is home to a wide variety of climates and weather patterns that are based on the region’s location and elevation.

Tropical Climate

Much of the northern part of South America has a tropical climate, with hot and humid temperatures all year round. This climate is found in the Amazon Basin and in the Caribbean islands. In the Amazon Basin, temperatures range from an average high of 32°C (90°F) to an average low of 22°C (72°F). In the Caribbean, temperatures range from an average high of 28°C (82°F) to an average low of 23°C (73°F).

Temperate Climate

The center of South America has a temperate climate, with warm summers and cold winters. This climate is found in the Andes Mountains and in the Central Valley of Chile. In the Andes Mountains, temperatures range from an average high of 18°C (64°F) to an average low of 7°C (45°F). In the Central Valley, temperatures range from an average high of 25°C (77°F) to an average low of 5°C (41°F).

Dry Climate

The southern part of South America has a dry climate, with hot and dry summers and cold and dry winters. This climate is found in the Atacama Desert and in the Patagonian Steppe. In the Atacama Desert, temperatures range from an average high of 25°C (77°F) to an average low of 11°C (52°F). In the Patagonian Steppe, temperatures range from an average high of 21°C (70°F) to an average low of 0°C (32°F).

Conclusion

South America is home to a wide variety of climates and weather patterns that are based on the region’s location and elevation. From the tropical climate of the Amazon Basin to the cold and dry climate of the Patagonian Steppe, South America is a diverse continent with many different climates.