What Is Highland Climate

What is Highland Climate?

Highland climate, also known as alpine climate, is a type of climate that occurs in the mountainous areas of the world. It is characterized by cold temperatures and strong winds, as well as heavy precipitation during certain times of the year. This type of climate is seen in areas of high elevation, such as the Andes Mountains in South America, the Himalayas in Asia, and the Rocky Mountains in North America.

Characteristics of Highland Climate

Highland climate is characterized by cooler temperatures and much more precipitation than other climates. This is due to the higher altitude of the mountains, which causes the air to be colder and more humid. The air is colder because it is farther away from the sun, and the air pressure is lower. This causes the temperature to drop significantly.

The temperature in the highlands can range from 0°C (32°F) in the winter to 15°C (59°F) in the summer. Wind is also a common feature of highland climate, with frequent gusts of up to 60 km/h (37 mph). The higher altitude also causes more precipitation, with up to 4,000 mm (157 in) of rain or snow per year in some areas.

Impact on the Environment

Highland climate has a significant impact on the environment. The cooler temperatures and higher precipitation can lead to snow and ice accumulation in the region. This can lead to flooding, avalanches, and other natural disasters. The higher altitudes can also lead to soil erosion, which can affect the local ecology.

Highland climate also has an impact on the local flora and fauna. The cooler temperatures can cause some species to migrate to lower elevations, while other species may become more adapted to the climate. This can lead to a unique mix of species in the region that are not found elsewhere.


Highland climate is a type of climate found in areas of high elevation. It is characterized by cooler temperatures, strong winds, and heavy precipitation. Highland climate can have a significant impact on the local environment, leading to flooding, avalanches, and soil erosion. It can also affect the local flora and fauna, leading to a unique mix of species.