Georgia Goes Renewable: Exploring the State’s Commitment to Clean Energy


Georgia has made significant commitments to clean energy and reducing carbon emissions. The state has set a goal to generate 20% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020. This commitment is part of Georgia’s broader efforts to transition to a more sustainable and environmentally friendly energy system.

The State of Renewable Energy in Georgia

Currently, renewable energy makes up a small percentage of Georgia’s energy mix. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, in 2019, only about 5% of Georgia’s electricity generation came from renewable sources. This is lower than the national average of 17%.

Compared to other states, Georgia lags behind in terms of renewable energy production. States like California and Texas have made significant investments in renewable energy and have much higher percentages of renewable energy in their energy mix.

Georgia’s Solar Energy Potential

Georgia has a high potential for solar energy production due to its abundant sunshine. The state receives an average of 5.5 peak sun hours per day, making it an ideal location for solar power generation.

Currently, there are several solar projects and initiatives in Georgia. The largest solar farm in the state is the 200-megawatt Twiggs County Solar Facility, which began operations in 2019. Additionally, there are numerous smaller-scale solar installations on rooftops and parking lots throughout the state.

Wind Energy in Georgia: A Growing Industry

While Georgia may not have the same wind resources as states like Texas or Iowa, it still has a growing wind energy industry. The state has a moderate wind resource potential, particularly along its coastal areas.

Currently, there are several wind projects and initiatives in Georgia. One notable project is the 250-megawatt Coastal Wind Project, which is expected to begin operations in 2022. This project will help diversify Georgia’s energy mix and contribute to its clean energy goals.

Hydroelectric Power in Georgia: An Untapped Resource

Georgia has significant hydroelectric resources, particularly in its rivers and reservoirs. However, the state has yet to fully tap into this potential for hydroelectric power production.

There are currently a few hydroelectric projects in Georgia, including the 1.5-megawatt Chattahoochee River Hydroelectric Project. However, there is still room for further development and utilization of hydroelectric power in the state.

Biomass Energy in Georgia: A Sustainable Solution

Georgia has abundant biomass resources, including agricultural waste, forest residues, and dedicated energy crops. These resources can be used to produce bioenergy, such as biofuels and biogas.

Currently, there are several biomass projects and initiatives in Georgia. For example, the Georgia Biomass LLC facility in Waycross is one of the largest wood pellet manufacturing plants in the world. This facility produces renewable biomass fuel that can be used for electricity generation.

Energy Efficiency in Georgia: Saving Money and the Environment

Energy efficiency is a crucial component of Georgia’s clean energy goals. By reducing energy consumption and improving energy efficiency, the state can save money for consumers and reduce its carbon footprint.

There are several energy efficiency programs and initiatives in Georgia. The Georgia Power Company offers various rebates and incentives for energy-efficient appliances and equipment. Additionally, the state has implemented building codes and standards that promote energy efficiency in new construction.

Georgia’s Renewable Energy Policies and Incentives

Georgia has implemented several policies and incentives to encourage renewable energy adoption. One notable policy is the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), which requires utilities to obtain a certain percentage of their electricity from renewable sources.

The state also offers tax credits and grants for renewable energy projects. For example, the Georgia Solar Energy Association offers a Solar Tax Credit that provides a 35% tax credit for the installation of solar energy systems.

Challenges to Clean Energy Adoption in Georgia

Despite Georgia’s commitment to clean energy, there are several challenges to its adoption. One major challenge is the lack of supportive policies and regulations. Unlike some other states, Georgia does not have a comprehensive clean energy plan or a specific target for renewable energy generation.

Another challenge is the relatively low cost of traditional fossil fuel-based energy sources. Natural gas, in particular, is abundant and cheap in Georgia, making it difficult for renewable energy to compete on a cost basis.

The Economic Benefits of Renewable Energy in Georgia

Investing in renewable energy can bring significant economic benefits to Georgia. One of the main benefits is job creation. The renewable energy industry has the potential to create thousands of jobs in manufacturing, installation, and maintenance.

Renewable energy also contributes to economic growth by attracting investment and stimulating local economies. Additionally, renewable energy can help reduce energy costs for consumers, as it becomes more cost-competitive with traditional energy sources.

Georgia’s Path to a Clean Energy Future

Georgia has made significant progress towards its clean energy goals but still has a long way to go. By harnessing its solar, wind, hydroelectric, and biomass resources, the state can increase its renewable energy production and reduce its reliance on fossil fuels.

To achieve this, Georgia needs to continue investing in renewable energy projects and initiatives. This includes implementing supportive policies and regulations, providing incentives for renewable energy adoption, and promoting energy efficiency.

By embracing clean energy, Georgia can not only protect the environment but also create jobs, stimulate economic growth, and save money for consumers. It is crucial for the state to continue on its path towards a clean energy future and become a leader in renewable energy production.