What Is Costa Ricas Climate

What Is Costa Rica’s Climate?

Costa Rica is a tropical country located in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The country is home to lush rainforests, beautiful beaches, and diverse wildlife, making it a popular destination for tourists. As such, the climate of Costa Rica is an important factor to consider when planning a trip.

Geography and Climate Zones

Costa Rica is divided into different climate zones based on its geography. The Pacific Coast of Costa Rica is warm and humid, while the Caribbean Coast is hotter and more humid. The Central Valley is generally considered to be the most temperate of the climate zones, with temperatures ranging from 13 to 25 degrees Celsius (55 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit). The higher elevations of Costa Rica have cooler temperatures, with the highest peak, Cerro Chirripo, reaching an elevation of 3,819 meters (12,530 feet).

Rainy and Dry Seasons

Costa Rica experiences a rainy season and a dry season, with the rainy season typically running from May to November and the dry season from December to April. During the rainy season, the country receives an average of 1,500 to 3,000 millimeters (59 to 118 inches) of rainfall per year. During the dry season, there is less rainfall, with an average of 800 to 1,500 millimeters (31 to 59 inches) of precipitation.

Regional Variations

The climate of Costa Rica can vary significantly depending on the region. For example, the Nicoya Peninsula on the Pacific Coast has a dry season that lasts from December to April and a rainy season that lasts from May to November. The Caribbean Coast, on the other hand, experiences a dry season from January to April and a rainy season from May to December.

Average Temperatures

The average temperature in Costa Rica ranges from 19 to 27 degrees Celsius (66 to 81 degrees Fahrenheit). The temperatures range from cooler in the higher elevations to warmer on the coasts. In the Central Valley, temperatures can reach as high as 33 degrees Celsius (91 degrees Fahrenheit).


Overall, Costa Rica has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: a rainy season and a dry season. The temperatures vary depending on the region, with the higher elevations being cooler and the coasts being warmer. When planning a trip to Costa Rica, it’s important to consider the climate and weather patterns in order to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.