What Is A Climatic Zone

What Is A Climatic Zone?

A climatic zone is an area on Earth’s surface that has distinct characteristics of temperature, air pressure, and humidity. These characteristics are determined by the latitude, altitude, and the prevailing winds. Climatic zones are used to classify different types of climates and are used as a guide to determine what plants and animals live in the area.

Types of Climatic Zones

There are six major climatic zones: tropical, dry, temperate, polar, highland, and continental. Each of these has distinct characteristics of temperature, air pressure, and humidity.

Tropical Zone

The tropical zone is located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. This zone is characterized by hot temperatures and high levels of humidity. This zone is home to tropical rainforests, which are home to a variety of plants and animals.

Dry Zone

The dry zone is located in areas that receive little rainfall and have high levels of evaporation. This zone is characterized by long, hot summers and short, mild winters. This zone is home to deserts, which have an abundance of cacti and other drought-resistant plants.

Temperate Zone

The temperate zone is located between the tropics and the polar circles. This zone is characterized by mild temperatures and moderate levels of humidity. This zone is home to deciduous forests, which are home to a variety of plants and animals.

Polar Zone

The polar zone is located in areas that are close to the North and South Poles. This zone is characterized by cold temperatures and low levels of humidity. This zone is home to tundras, which are home to a variety of plants and animals adapted to survive in cold temperatures.

Highland Zone

The highland zone is located at high altitudes and is characterized by cool temperatures and dry air. This zone is home to alpine meadows, which are home to a variety of plants and animals adapted to survive in high altitudes.

Continental Zone

The continental zone is located in areas with extreme temperatures and high levels of humidity. This zone is home to steppes, which are home to a variety of plants and animals adapted to survive in extreme temperatures.

Conclusion

Climatic zones are used to classify different types of climates and are used as a guide to determine what plants and animals live in the area. There are six major climatic zones: tropical, dry, temperate, polar, highland, and continental. Each of these has distinct characteristics of temperature, air pressure, and humidity. Knowing what climatic zone you live in can help you determine what plants and animals live in your area.