What Is 1.5 Degree Celsius Global Warming?


Global warming refers to the long-term increase in Earth’s average surface temperature due to human activities, primarily the burning of fossil fuels that release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015 by nearly every country in the world, aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. However, it also emphasizes the importance of pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Understanding the 1.5 Degree Celsius Target

The 1.5 degree Celsius target refers to the goal of limiting global warming to a maximum increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. This target was included in the Paris Agreement due to growing concerns about the severe impacts of climate change, even at the previously accepted goal of 2 degrees Celsius.

The Impacts of 1.5 Degree Celsius Warming

While a half-degree may seem insignificant, the difference between a 1.5 and 2-degree increase in global temperature has significant implications for our planet. Limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius can help reduce the risks associated with climate change, including extreme weather events, sea-level rise, ecosystem disruptions, and the loss of biodiversity.

Challenges and Mitigation Strategies

Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius presents several challenges. To achieve this target, global greenhouse gas emissions need to be reduced significantly and rapidly. This requires transitioning to low-carbon energy sources, enhancing energy efficiency, implementing sustainable land-use practices, and investing in renewable technologies.

Role of Individuals and Governments

Addressing the challenge of 1.5 degree Celsius global warming is a collective effort that requires actions from both individuals and governments. Individuals can contribute by adopting sustainable lifestyles, reducing energy consumption, supporting renewable energy, and advocating for climate-friendly policies. Governments play a crucial role in implementing and enforcing policies, promoting clean technologies, and supporting international cooperation to tackle climate change.


The 1.5 degree Celsius target is an important milestone in the global fight against climate change. By limiting global warming to this level, we can mitigate the most severe impacts of climate change and safeguard the well-being of future generations. It is essential for individuals, governments, and international organizations to work together to achieve this goal and create a more sustainable and resilient world.