How Much Has Global Warming Increased?


Global warming refers to the long-term increase in Earth’s average surface temperature due to human activities, primarily the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. Over the past century, global temperatures have risen significantly, leading to various environmental impacts such as melting ice caps, rising sea levels, and more frequent extreme weather events.

Extent of Increase

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global temperatures have increased by approximately 1.1 degrees Celsius since the late 19th century. This may not seem like a significant increase, but even small changes in temperature can have profound effects on the Earth’s climate system.

Causes of Global Warming

The main cause of global warming is the release of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, into the atmosphere. These gases trap heat from the sun, leading to a warming effect known as the greenhouse effect. Human activities, such as burning fossil fuels for energy and transportation, are the primary sources of these greenhouse gases.

Impacts of Global Warming

The impacts of global warming are already being felt around the world. Melting ice caps and glaciers are causing sea levels to rise, threatening coastal communities. Extreme weather events, such as hurricanes and heatwaves, are becoming more frequent and intense. And ecosystems are being disrupted, leading to the loss of biodiversity and food insecurity for many populations.


Global warming is a serious threat to our planet and requires immediate action to mitigate its effects. By reducing our carbon footprint, transitioning to renewable energy sources, and protecting forests and other natural habitats, we can help slow down the pace of global warming and preserve a livable climate for future generations.