How Is Deforestation Related To Global Climate Change

How Is Deforestation Related To Global Climate Change?

Deforestation is the removal of trees and other vegetation from an area of land. It is a major problem throughout the world, especially in tropical regions, as it can contribute to the destruction of habitats and loss of biodiversity. In addition, deforestation is linked to global climate change.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

When trees are removed from an ecosystem, the carbon stored within them is released into the atmosphere. Trees absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere during photosynthesis, and store it in their leaves, branches, and trunks. When the trees are cut down or burned, this carbon is released into the atmosphere as a greenhouse gas, contributing to global warming. It is estimated that deforestation accounts for up to 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Albedo Effect

In addition to the release of carbon dioxide, deforestation can also affect the Earth’s albedo, or its ability to reflect sunlight. Trees have a higher albedo than other land cover, meaning they reflect more of the sun’s energy back into space. When forests are cleared, the darker ground cover absorbs more of the sun’s energy, and this contributes to global warming.

Climate Regulation

Trees also play an important role in regulating local climates. They can help to maintain humidity levels, reduce wind speeds, and protect against floods and droughts. When forests are cleared, this can lead to an increase in temperatures, as well as an increase in extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, and hurricanes.


Deforestation is a major contributor to global climate change. The release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the decrease in albedo, and the disruption of climate regulation can all contribute to global warming. To reduce the effects of deforestation, it is important to implement policies to protect the world’s forests and promote reforestation efforts.