How Does Climate Change Affect The Biodiversity Of Marine Ecosystems
Climate change is one of the most pressing environmental challenges facing the world today. It is widely accepted that human activities are driving much of the climate change that is happening across the globe. This is having a profound impact on the marine environment, with rising temperatures, ocean acidification, and sea level rise all posing a significant threat to the diversity of marine species.
Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity
Ocean acidification is one of the most serious consequences of climate change for marine ecosystems. As carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere, it is absorbed by the oceans, which leads to a decrease in pH levels in the water. This decrease in pH has a variety of effects on marine biodiversity, including:
• A decrease in the availability of essential nutrients like calcium carbonate, which can affect shell-building organisms like corals and mollusks.
• An increase in the toxicity of some metals, which can be harmful to some species.
• A decrease in the amount of dissolved oxygen in the water, which can disrupt the food chain and reduce the number of species that can survive in a particular area.
• An increase in infectious diseases, which can have a devastating impact on marine biodiversity.
Effects of Sea Level Rise on Marine Biodiversity
Sea level rise is another consequence of climate change that is having a significant impact on marine ecosystems. As sea levels rise, the amount of coastal habitat available for many species is decreasing, as is the amount of food available. This can lead to a decrease in biodiversity in certain areas, as species are forced to move to new habitats.
Additionally, rising sea levels can lead to increased flooding, which can have a devastating impact on coastal habitats. This can lead to the destruction of important habitats and the displacement or death of many species.
Effects of Warmer Water Temperatures on Marine Biodiversity
Warmer water temperatures are another consequence of climate change that is having a profound effect on marine biodiversity. Warmer temperatures can lead to increased coral bleaching, which can disrupt the food chain and lead to a decrease in the number of species in an area. Additionally, warmer temperatures can lead to an increase in the amount of nutrients in the water, which can lead to an explosion of certain species, such as algae, that can out-compete other species for resources.
Climate change is having a dramatic effect on the biodiversity of marine ecosystems, with rising temperatures, ocean acidification, and sea level rise all having a significant impact. As a result, it is essential that we take action to reduce our carbon emissions and protect our marine ecosystems from the effects of climate change.
Kyle Whyte is a notable scholar and professor at the University of Michigan, holding positions such as the George Willis Pack Professor in the School for Environment and Sustainability and Professor of Philosophy. Specializing in environmental justice, his work critically examines climate policy and Indigenous peoples’ ethics, emphasizing the nexus between cooperative scientific endeavors and Indigenous justice. As an enrolled Citizen Potawatomi Nation member, he brings a vital perspective to his roles as a U.S. Science Envoy and member of the White House Environmental Justice Advisory Council. His influential research is supported by various prestigious organizations including the National Science Foundation, and disseminated through publications in high-impact journals. Kyle actively contributes to global Indigenous research methodologies and education, with affiliations to numerous institutes and societies dedicated to traditional knowledge and sustainability. Recognized for his academic and community engagement, Kyle has earned multiple awards and served in various visiting professorships. His efforts extend to leadership positions on boards and committees focused on environmental justice nationwide.